Monday, 20 November 2017

Production technologies

 

 

Black Pepper

  • Collected, evaluated and conserved 367 germplasm collections.
  • Seven high yielding varieties were released, including 2 hybrids.
  • Technology developed for bush pepper production and management.
  • Improved technologies were developed for large scale planting material production.
  • Agrotechniques - best source of planting material, planting methods, spacing, best standards, cultural practices, nursery management, ideal mixed cropping system etc were evolved to suite the producing states.
  • Plantation management - irrigation and fertilizer schedules for plantations and for pepper + arecanut mixed cropping system as well as HPT developed.
  • Package for management of Phytophthora foot rot and other diseases & pests were formulated and popularized.
  • Planting material production and distribution of high yielding varieties.
  • Floral biology of pepper plant studied.
  • Hybridization techniques in pepper has been standardized.

 

 

Ginger

  • Assembled, studied and conserved 406 ginger germplasm accessions.
  • Four ginger varieties released.
  • Cultivation practices- size of seed rhizome, planting season, bed size, spacing, advantages of mulching, type of mulch, optimum time of harvest for quality produce, weed control, compatible crop combination, after care, cultural operations etc standardized.
  • Pre-treatment with biocontrol agents recommended for control of seed borne disease.
  • Technology for minimizing rhizome rot in field by pre sowing seed treatment perfected.
  • Control measures of storage rot in ginger standardized.
  • Management practises for pest & disease were evolved.
  • Method of seed rhizome storage under pit-system was standardized.
  • Fertilizer & irrigation schedules for ginger worked out.
  • A package of practices for profitable ginger cultivation, was developed.
  • Processing technique and production of quality ginger evolved.

 

 

Seed Spices

  • Germplasm Accessions - Coriander-1467, Cumin-495, Fennel-420, Fenugreek-944 were collected, evaluated and are being conserved.
  • Production technologies developed include: seed rate, sowing season, time of sowing/planting, method of sowing, spacing, pre-sowing seed treatment, irrigation requirement, weed control measures, fertilizer package, plant protection measures.
  • Measures were evolved for managing diseases and insect pests.
  • For production of quality seeds and package of practices were standardized, and recommended.
  • Participated in IPDS & Spices Board schemes for seed production.

 

 

 

 

Cardamom

  • Collected, conserved and characterized 336 germplasm accessions in cardamom.
  • Seven high yielding varieties were developed and released.
  • Package of technology developed include rapid clonal multiplication of planting material, best time for seed capsule collection, seed germination, scarification of seed for better germination, technique of enhancing seed germination in winter, raising nursery, optimum time of planting, spacing, seed treatment for disease free seedlings, nursery disease management, high density planting, cultivation under artificial shade, enhancing productivity by maintaining bee colonies etc.
  • A High Production Technology was evolved for managing cardamom gardens for increasing production and productivity.
  • Manurial and fertilizer recommendations including micronutrients were standardized.
  • Package for disease and pest management developed and popularised.

 



 

Turmeric

  • Assembled, studied and conserved 1136 turmeric germplasm accessions
  • Seven turmeric varieties released.
  • Cultivation practices- size of seed rhizome, planting season, bed size, spacing, advantages of mulching, type of mulch, optimum time of harvest for quality produce, weed control, compatible crop combination, after care, cultural operations etc standardized.
  • Recommended the package of practices for profitable turmeric cultivation.
  • Technology for minimizing rhizome rot in field by pre sowing seed treatment perfected.
  • Processing and production of quality turmeric was standardized.
  • Long term storage effect on quality deterioration evaluated.