Wednesday, 22 November 2017

History

 

The AICRPS was initiated in 1971 as All India Spices and Cashew nut Improvement project. In order to give adequate importance to spices this project was bifurcated and All India Coordinated Research Project on Spices (AICRPS) came into existence in 1986 with its headquarters at Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode, Kerala with the mandate to conduct research on most important spice crops. This project was started with four centres, grew steadily to 12 centres in 1986 (VII Plan) and subsequently to 19 centres by the end of VIII Plan. Presently research on these crops are carried out at 19 regular centres, 11 coopting centres and 8 voluntary centres spread over 23 states representing the major agro climatic regions of the country. These centres are mostly located in state Agricultural Universities and some centres in ICAR Institutes and also Spices Board.

The AICRPS centers over the years have conducted extensive research on different aspects of spices. The project has made substantial contribution since inception, considerable headway has been achieved in the development of high yielding varieties/hybirds specifically suitable to different agroclimatic regions of the country, input technologies, standardization of agrotechniques and production technologies for enhancement of productivity and quality, integrated nutrient management plant protection, technology for the management of various disease and pests biocontrol measures, organic farming, post harvesting technology, for minimizing of post harvest losses, distribution of elite seed/planting material production, FLD programmes and TOT to farmers field etc. AICRPS forms a part of national plant genetic resources net work and have good assemble of valuable germplasm collection of endangered cultivated and wild species.

The AICRPS is the mechanism in building a nationwide cooperative and inter disciplinary research network linking the ICAR system with the State and Central Agricultural Universities to focus attention on spices research. The AICRP on Spices was the first ever major effort to conduct organized research on spices. To begin, the project had four Coordinating centres with just 4 crops (black pepper, cardamom, ginger and turmeric) and this was expanded to 16 centers to cover 12 spice crops over the subsequent Plan periods.

As on today the project is spread out in 23 states of the country with 19 regular centres, Eleven Coopting and Eight Voluntary Centers located in 25 Agricultural Universities, three centers at Indian Cardamom Research Institute (Spices Board) and three centers of ICAR Regional centers at NEH Region.

AICRPS works on 12 major spices viz. black pepper, cardamom, large cardamom, ginger, turmeric, clove, nutmeg, cinnamon, coriander, cumin, fennel & fenugreek.